Part One: “The Oklahoma City Bombing Was an Inside Job”
By Bob Baldwin
“Our government is the potent, the omnipresent teacher. For good or ill, it teaches the whole people by its example.” Timothy McVeigh, quoting Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis at his death sentencing, June 13, 1997.
Author’s Note: With the rise of the Tea Party Movement and recent arrests of members of a group calling itself the Hutaree Militia in Michigan, Indiana, and Ohio the nation has focused attention on a resurgent militia/patriot movement, which reached prominence during the 1990s, following the high profiled massacres at Ruby Ridge, Idaho and Waco, Texas. April 19th will be the 15th anniversary of the Oklahoma City Bombing, alleged to have been carried out by Timothy McVeigh in retaliation for those massacres.
Part One highlights some of the unusual circumstances and coincidences that parallel the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, OK and the attacks of September 11th 2001.
Part Two will explore the various activities of a cast of characters in Oklahoma who may have been connected either wittingly or unwittingly, to the tragedy that befell our nation on September 11th, 2001.
The views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of any individuals or organization responsible for this publication.
Multiple bombs and other strange anomalies
At 9:02 am on the morning on April 19th 1995, an explosion rocked downtown Oklahoma City. When the dust had settled, the north face of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building lay in ruins. Also damaged by the attack were numerous other buildings in the vicinity. All told, 168 people perished that day, including 19 children most of whom were attending a day care center located on the building’s second floor.
Early reports from the scene, following the attack, indicated that multiple bombs had been used. Local television stations reported that rescue workers had located as many as three unexploded ordinances, one of which members of a bomb disposal squad were feverishly attempting to dismantle.1 These television reports were largely suppressed for the rest of the nation. Most of the public has never seen any of this early footage.
This is eerily similar to audio transmissions of NYC firefighters on the day of 9/11, recounting the sounds of secondary explosions going off inside the World Trade Center buildings. These audio transmissions were eventually made public in response to a lawsuit against the New York City Fire Department in 2005, brought by the New York Times.2
Just as the official explanation for the collapse of the World Trade Center buildings defies the laws of physics, damage to the Federal Building far exceeded what many seasoned explosives experts considered possible for the type of explosives used and the distance from the building of the vehicle containing them. According to authorities, the bomb consisted of Ammonium Nitrate Fuel Oil (ANFO) packed in a Ryder truck parked 20 feet away.
A critic, who led the charge against the government’s official version of events, was retired Air Force Brigadier General Benton K. Partin. Partin, an expert in advanced weapons research, served in the military from 1944 until 1978, and commanded the U.S. Air Force Armament Laboratory.3
After analyzing damage caused to the Federal Building, Partin prepared a report, which he hand delivered to each member of Congress, detailing his reasons for concluding that it would have been impossible for such extensive damage to have been caused by an ANFO truck bomb without additional explosives or other means to weaken support columns in the building.4
Another explosives expert, who shared Partin’s view, was Samuel Cohen. Cohen worked on the Manhattan Project at Los Alamos Laboratory and is considered one of the inventors of the neutron bomb.5 Cohen discounted as, “impossible and against the laws of nature” for a fertilizer bomb, regardless of size, to have caused that amount of damage.6
Similar to the way the National Institute for Science and Technology (NIST) altered computer modeling data to fit their predetermined conclusion that the World Trade Center buildings had collapsed as a result of fire, the FBI repeatedly increased the size of the fertilizer bomb from 1,200 pounds to eventually settling on 4,800 pounds.7 Even with that amount of explosives, critics with expertise in munitions still weren’t satisfied.
Ironically, even the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) concluded in a report published on August 30th 1996, that a fertilizer bomb three times that size could not have caused the damage at the Murrah Building.8
Secret Pentagon Report
Even more intriguing than the FEMA report was a classified Pentagon report. According to the Strategic Investment Newsletter of March 20th 1996, a secret Pentagon Report concluded that multiple explosives would have been necessary to have caused the damage at the Oklahoma City Federal Building. The secret report also stated that while Timothy McVeigh, the chief suspect in the bombing, was involved, his role was peripheral at best. The story was revealed in a September, 2001, Vanity Fair article written by Gore Vidal about Timothy McVeigh.9
At the time, former Director of CIA, William Colby was the contributing editor for Strategic Investment Newsletter. 10 While Gore Vidal did not cite Colby as the source of the Pentagon Report referred to in his Vanity Fair article, he did quote Colby earlier in the piece expressing concern about the threat posed to the country by members of the patriot/militia movement. Vidal recounts a conversation between Colby and a Nebraska state senator in which the former CIA director asserted that the patriot movement posed a far greater threat to the nation, due to its size, than the anti-war movement had during the Vietnam War.
While there may not necessarily be a connection, one month after publication of the secret Pentagon Report, Colby was found dead in an alleged canoeing accident under highly suspicious circumstances.11 At the time of his death, Colby was despised by many current and former members of the intelligence community for having cooperated too vigorously with Senator Frank Church’s Senate Select Committee on Intelligence. The Church Committee was responsible for exposing the CIA’s assassination of foreign leaders, illegal surveillance and a host of other wrong doings.
In late 1995, Colby and a number of top officials in the Ford White House, including Henry Kissinger, and James Schlesinger were sacked in what the media dubbed the “Halloween Massacre.” The firings were an effort by Gerald Ford to position his administration further to the right in anticipation of a 1976 Republican Primary challenge by Ronald Reagan. Kissinger was replaced as Secretary of State by Brent Scowcroft. Schlesinger was replaced as Secretary of Defense by Donald Rumsfeld. Dick Cheney became Chief of Staff, filling Rumsfeld’s previous position. And Colby would be replaced by George Herbert Walker Bush as Director of CIA.
Rumsfeld, Cheney and Bush Sr. would all be in Washington D.C. on the morning of 9/11. As for Brent Scowcroft, a retired Air Force general, he was in one of three E-4 B Doomsday planes that were part of the Global Guardian Military exercise being conducted that day. Global Guardian, which ordinarily takes place in either October or November, was “coincidentally” rescheduled for September 11, 2001.12
About an hour and half after the bombing, Timothy McVeigh was pulled over, traveling north on I-35 away from Oklahoma City, by Oklahoma State Patrolman Charles Hanger. According to the patrolman’s account, he had noticed that McVeigh’s beat up 1977 yellow Mercury Grand Marquis was missing a license plate. When McVeigh got out of his car and reached for his wallet, the officer noticed a bulge under his jacket. The bulge turned out to be 9-mm Glock. Although McVeigh claimed he had a permit to carry a concealed weapon issued by the State of New York, according to the officer, it was not valid in the state of Oklahoma. Officer Hanger confiscated the weapon and placed McVeigh under arrest for carrying a concealed weapon.13 According to police, McVeigh still had not yet been connected to the bombing earlier that day.
There are a number of things curious about McVeigh’s arrest. The state patrolman had originally been contacted by dispatchers and told to proceed south from his position in Noble County to Oklahoma City to assist rescue efforts. Shortly into his journey, he was dispatched to turn around and return to his regular patrol area. It was then while traveling north that he encountered McVeigh’s vehicle speeding without a license plate.
After the arrest, McVeigh’s car was searched. Inside were clippings from the novel The Turner Diaries, an extremist tract written by the late William Pierce under the pseudonym of Andrew McDonald.14
The author of the book was the leader of a white supremacist group, the National Alliance, and a former protégé of the late George Lincoln Rockwell, founder of the American Nazi Party. The Turner Diaries tells a story about a patriot uprising in the United State in which the book’s protagonist blows up FBI headquarters in Washington D.C. using a rented truck packed with explosives.15 For someone who had just blown up a Federal Building and was genuinely trying to escape, this was an awfully incriminating piece of evidence to be carrying around in his getaway car.
McVeigh literally had “Arrest Me!” written all over him. He was wearing a t-shirt with a picture of Abraham Lincoln beneath which were written the immortal words of John Wilkes Booth, as he leaped from the balcony onto the stage at Ford’s Theater, “Sic Semper Tyrannis!” On the back of the shirt was a picture of the tree of liberty shedding three droplets of blood, with Jefferson’s quote: “The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants.”16
In the bombing’s aftermath, FBI agents supposedly were able to trace the business that had rented the truck, using the VIN number of the truck’s axle, and license plate. They traced the truck to Elliot’s Body Shop in Junction City, Kansas. Based on a description of the men who had rented the truck provided by a mechanic at the shop, a sketch artist was able to create portraits of two suspects. The portraits were labeled “John Doe No. 1” and “John Doe No. 2.” These artist renderings were transmitted in an all-points bulletin around the country. McVeigh matched the description of John Doe No. 1 to a tee, and was promptly charged with the bombing.
The authorities would later also file charges against two other ex-Army buddies of McVeigh, Terry Nichols and Michael Fortier, along with Fortier’s wife Lori for having participated as accomplices. According to authorities Terry Nichols helped plan the attack and participated in assembling the ingredients used in constructing the bomb. The Fortiers were charged with having foreknowledge of the plot and for withholding that information from law enforcement officials. After intense pressure was put on the couple by prosecutors to cooperate, the Fortiers eventually agreed to testify against McVeigh and Nichols at their trials. In return for their testimonies, Michael Fortier received a reduced sentence of 12 years in prison and a fine of $200,000, and Lori was granted immunity from prosecution.17
Neither Nichols nor Fortier fit the description of John Doe No. 2, described as a stocky dark complexioned man, whom law enforcement remained on the lookout for. Then inextricably, almost three months into the investigation, on June 14, 1995, the FBI dropped their investigation of John Doe No. 2. The FBI claimed that the original witness account of John Doe No. 2 had been a case of mistaken identity. According to FBI and Justice Department officials, the mechanic responsible for the original description had been confused and mistaken John Doe No. 2 with someone else that had rented a vehicle the following day. The shop’s owner and three other employees, however, continued to claim they had seen a man with McVeigh fitting John Doe No. 2’s description. The shop’s owner, Eldon Elliot, asserted that the FBI had tried to pressure him into changing his story.18
Timothy McVeigh also claimed that there was no John Doe No. 2. This is a contention that his own lawyer, Stephen Jones, refused to believe. According to Jones, McVeigh flunked a lie-detector test when asked about John Doe No. 2.19
Numerous other witnesses also claim to have seen McVeigh in the company of a man fitting the description of John Doe No. 2, both prior to, and on the day of the bombing.
Most notable of all the sightings was that of Dennis “Rodney” Johnson, who was driving a catering truck past the Murrah Building. He was forced to swerve when two men, fitting the descriptions of McVeigh and John Doe No. 2, ran across Fifth Street toward a parking lot across the street. According to Johnson the man with McVeigh looked “Mexican or American-Indian.”20 Johnson, who was studying to be a paramedic, was about a block from the Federal Building when moments later the blast occurred. He immediately got out of his truck and was one of the first on the scene to help with the rescue.21 Johnson’s notified the FBI about seeing the two men that evening.
Who Was John Doe No. 2?
We may never know who John Doe No. 2 was, but independent researchers have identified a number of possible suspects who fit the description:
· Michael Brescia, a native of Pennsylvania, who McVeigh met at rightwing extremist compound in southeastern Oklahoma known as Elohim City. Elohim City was home to a number of groups including White Aryan Resistance (WAR), Covenant Sword and Arm of the Lord (CSA), Posse Comitatus and the Ku Klux Klan. At the time of the Murrah Bombing, Brescia was engaged to the daughter of the founder of Elohim City, a Mennonite preacher named Robert Millar. He would eventually be arrested for bank robbery in Madison, WI.
· Andreas Carl Strassmeir, a former officer in an elite German special forces unit with military intelligence background. His father, Gunter Strassmeir was a top deputy to Chancellor Helmut Kohl and is reputed to have CIA connections.22
At the time of the Murrah bombing, Andreas Strassmeir was head of security at Elohim City. Strassmeir claims to have only met Timothy McVeigh once at a gun show where he only spoke to him for a few minutes. This claim is discounted by multiple witnesses who recall having seen him in the company of McVeigh on numerous other occasions.
Shortly after reserving the Ryder Truck, phone records show that McVeigh attempted to contact Strassmeir at Elohim City, but was unable to reach him.23
· Hussein al-Husseini, an Iraq Army deserter, from Saddam Hussein’s elite Republican Guard. He was part of a large contingent of Iraq deserters who were resettled in the United States following the Gulf War. After his identity was revealed by a television reporter named Jayna Davis, working for KFOR TV, he attempted to sue the station. When his lawsuit failed he relocated to Boston, where he acquired a job working at of all places--Boston Logan International Airport.24 This was in 1997. It’s not believed he was working there in 2001, at the time of the 9/11 hijackings. He has since disappeared.
Note: Timothy McVeigh was sighted on numerous occasions by multiple witnesses in the company of Middle Eastern men. This has led some to the, highly questionable, conclusion that either Saddam Hussein or Osama bin Laden may have been behind the Oklahoma City bombing. A more likely scenario is that they were working either wittingly or unwittingly for a foreign intelligence service allied with the United States to promote a false flag event that could be blamed on America’s enemies, as happened on 9/11.
· Jose Padilla, an American citizen of Puerto Rican descent, who was arrested in Chicago after departing a flight from Pakistan at O’Hare International Airport in 2002. According to the then Attorney General John Ashcroft, Padilla was arrested for having downloaded information from a computer while in Pakistan detailing how to construct a radioactive “dirty bomb.”
In clear violation of the 6th Amendment of the United States Constitution, Padilla was neither charged, nor allowed the right to an attorney when placed under indefinite detention by the Bush Administration. After three and a half years in a military brig, the Bush Administration, fearing the Supreme Court might overturn their authority to detain enemy combatants, transferred him to a civilian court. The “dirty bomb” charges were eventually dropped, but he would be convicted of conspiring to commit murder and to fund terrorism.
Intriguingly, both Padilla and McVeigh happened to be in Plantation, FL at the same time in 1993. McVeigh had traveled there at the beginning of year to visit his sister and attend some local gun shows. During this same period, Jose Padilla was performing outreach for an Islamic charity, the Benevolence International Foundation, located 20 minutes from where McVeigh was staying.25
FBI Seizes Surveillance Videos
As with 9/11, a lot of questions, concerning the identity of John Doe No. 2 and other matters fueling conspiracy theories, might easily be settled if it were not for the FBI’s bad habit of seizing video footage and then withholding the contents from the public.
Following the attack on the Pentagon, the FBI seized over 80 video recordings taken in and around the building. When they finally released a handful, the images were inconclusive as to what exactly struck the Pentagon. The same was true with the Oklahoma City bombing, raising the obvious question, why hide something if there is nothing to hide?
For example, a waitress named Joann Van Buren, who worked at a subway sandwich shop in Junction City, claimed Timothy McVeigh and two other men, one of whom fit the description of John Doe No. 2 were at the restaurant the day before the attack at the Murrah building. The restaurant had a surveillance camera at the time; however, after reporting her sighting to authorities, the FBI confiscated the video footage for that day. And it has not been made public yet.26
After the bombing, the following day, the FBI immediately seized all videos in the vicinity of the Murrah Federal Building. As a result of a Freedom of Information Act request, a Utah lawyer named Jesse Trentadue was able obtain approximately 30 video tapes. Inexplicably, none of the tapes show either McVeigh or John Doe No. 2 or anything prior to the bomb blast at 9:02 am. 27
Trentadue began investigating the Oklahoma City bombing after the suspicious death of his brother Kenneth. Kenneth’s death was officially ruled a suicide despite his body having over 41 wounds and bruises. Jesse believes his brother Kenneth, a wanted bank robber, was beaten to death by prison guards in a prison facility in 1995, in a case of mistaken identity because they believed he was connected to the Oklahoma City bombing. Trentadue accuses the FBI of doctoring the tapes, a claim that the FBI denies.
The FBI’s claim that no editing of the tapes occurred is contradicted by a Secret Service document dated May 1, 1995. According the document, which is a timeline, security videos showed the Ryder Truck pulling up to the building, then “detonating 3 minutes and 6 seconds after the suspects exited the truck.”28
Evidence of Government Foreknowledge
Within days of the bombing rumors began to circulate around Oklahoma City that agents working for the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) had been tipped off in advance. Edye Smith, the mother of two boys ages 2 and 3, who were killed in the bombing, tried to find answers as to why none of the ATF’s over a dozen field agents were in the building when the bomb went gone off. After contacting agents personally, and getting the run-around, she and 170 other families filed a class action lawsuit to find out. Another group of 300 families filed a similar suit seeking to learn what the ATF knew and when they knew it.29
Edye Smith’s stepfather Glenn Wilburn was tipped that the Oklahoma City Fire Department had similarly received advance warning of the attack by the FBI. When he questioned Chief Charles Gaines about the matter, the Chief denied the assertion. Undeterred, Wilburn proceeded down the hall and spoke with the department’s dispatcher. Without dropping a beat, the dispatcher informed him they had indeed received such a warning. To his credit, the dispatcher added that he wasn’t going to lie for anyone.30
The ATF even concocted a story in which two of their agents had been trapped in an elevator at the time of the bombing, and managed to bust their way out after surviving a five story free fall. Suspicious of this account, Ms. Smith contacted reporter J.D. Cash of the McCurtain Daily Gazette, who in turn contacted the manufacturer of the elevators. An elevator repairman, who had participated in rescue efforts, stated that none of the elevators had been in free fall and that it would have been impossible to break through the steel doors without a blow torch.31 After an investigative team from ABCs 20/20 investigated the matter, the ATF was forced to admit that they had misspoken.
The 20/20 program entitled “The Families Want to Know,” hosted by Tom Jarriel aired on January 17, 1997. The program uncovered some startling information. One witness claimed that he had been told by an ATF agent at the scene, following the bombing, that ATF agents had been paged not to come in to work that day. 32
The most shocking piece of evidence presented in the 20/20 broadcast was an official document, stating that The Department of Justice had received a telephone call 24 minutes before the blast, informing them that the Oklahoma City Federal Building had been bombed.33
When BBC correspondent Jane Standley reported the collapse of Building 7 on September 11th, 2001, approximately 23 minutes before its actual collapse, it was déjà vu.
So how could the ATF have known in advance? Turns out, that Elohim City, the viper’s nest of rightwing extremism that Timothy McVeigh had visited, was also crawling with undercover federal informants. How many is unclear. Jesse Trentadue, who has gathered hundreds of pages of government documents related to the case, while researching his brother’s death, believes there may have been as many as seven, including an individual or individuals connected to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).34
Supporting his contention, the McCurtain Daily Gazette obtained a four page teletype that was issued by FBI Director Louis Freeh several months after the Murrah bombing to investigators working on the case. The report, dated Jan. 4, 1996, claimed that someone (name redacted) from the Southern Poverty Law Center was at the compound in Elohim City on April 17th 1995, when a call from McVeigh was received.35 This would have been just two days before the bombing.
As bizarre as this may sound, there is even some speculation that McVeigh, himself, may have been some sort of government agent. Hustler Magazine, published by Larry Flynt, claims to have obtained footage from a video of McVeigh training at Camp Grafton North Dakota on August 3, 1993 approximately 18 months before the Oklahoma City bombing.36 If the video is indeed accurate and the individual shown in the film is indeed Timothy McVeigh, then this would put him in the military nearly a year after his official discharge from the Army Reserve. According to his military records he had attempted to join Special Forces, but allegedly was dropped from the program after failing physical fitness requirements. Had he really been dropped from Special Forces or was he working deep cover?
Unlike Lee Harvey Oswald or James Earl Ray, McVeigh was quite willing to take sole responsibility for the crime.
One informant, whose identity we know of for sure, was Carol Howe. Howe, a 23 year old former beauty contestant and college student had been romantically involved with WAR leader Dennis Mahon. It was through her association with Mahon, a former Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, that she found herself living at Elohim City in the months preceding the bombing of the Murrah building.
Howe claims to have become enamored with the neo-Nazi movement after an alleged incident in which she was beaten by a gang of blacks and thrown down an embankment in an Oklahoma park.37
After a falling out with Mahon, in which he is alleged to have threatened her, a claim he has denied, she filed a restraining order. Learning of this and seeing an opportunity to infiltrate Mahon’s group, the ATF contacted her and offered her a deal as a paid confidential informant. She accepted the offer and was given the designation CI-183 (Confidential Informant 183). Her first briefing with her ATF handler, Angela Finely-Graham was on August 24th 1994. Over the next several months leading up to and through the period in which the Murrah bombing occurred, Howe would provide over 70 reports to her handler on the activities at Elohim City.38
During this period, she reported that members of Elohim City had been casing the federal buildings in Oklahoma City and Tulsa and that she had overheard Andreas Strassmeir and Dennis Mahon discuss bombing the Murrah Federal Building.39
In December of 1994, she claims that Timothy McVeigh, Michael Fortier along with a number of other newcomers arrived at the compound. She never spoke with either McVeigh or Fortier, both of whom she knew only by their aliases: “Tim Tuttle” and “Fountain.”40
The day after the bombing of the Murrah Federal Building she was debriefed by agents of the FBI and ATF. She told them of her suspicions that individuals connected with Elohim City had been involved. She had noted that Reverend Millar, the compounds founder, had been speaking out about an armed uprising against the federal government and encouraging his followers to prepare for battle if they didn’t want to wind up like the Branch Davidians at Waco.41 The Oklahoma bombing, incidentally, took place on the second anniversary of the Waco massacre.
When it became evident that nothing was going to be done with the information she had provided authorities, Howe decided to tell her story and began a series of interviews with reporter J.D. Cash of the McCurtain Daily Gazette starting in December of 1996.
On March 11th 1997, in apparent retaliation for her public statements, the Justice Department indicted her for participation in the very bomb plot that she had been investigating. At the trial prosecutors claimed that she had not provided any specific warnings to federal authorities about individuals threatening to blow up the Federal Building. They also claimed that she was unstable, and had been deactivated as an informant prior to her indictment. Then perhaps to silence her for good, the FBI blew her cover in late April of that year, publishing her full name and other sensitive information, thereby potentially placing her life in jeopardy.42
Howe’s defense attorney was able to refute each of these claims. During a pre-trial hearing the defense was able to get her handler, agent Angela Finely-Graham, to admit that Carol Howe had indeed provided information concerning a threat by Andreas Strassmeir to bomb the Federal Building prior to the April 19th attack.43
On August 1st 1997, a jury acquitted Howe of all charges.
The trial of Carol Howe in Tulsa, Oklahoma received scant media attention, in contrast to the high profile trial of Timothy McVeigh in Denver. The Judge, presiding over the McVeigh trial, which ended approximately a month and a half before Howe’ s trial ended, refused to allow evidence from her trial to be entered into evidence.
McVeigh would ultimately be found guilty and sentenced to death.
Six days before he was to receive a lethal injection, the Attorney General John Ashcroft revealed that the FBI had misplaced over 3,000 pages of documents that had not been turned over to either the defense or prosecution, thus causing a one month stay of execution.44 However, the FBI assured everyone that there was nothing in the misplaced documents that would have altered the verdict. After all, McVeigh had confessed.
Prior to the attacks of 9/11, NORAD had conducted simulated hijackings of commercial airplanes to be used as weapons.45 The U.S. military also staged war games, such as Unified Vision 2001, and Dessert Crossing to prepare for the invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq before the “terrorist” attacks of September 11th 2001.46 The same appears to have been the case with the Oklahoma City bombing.
Beginning in 1994 the ATF began testing the use of large scale truck bombs in a project that had commenced four years earlier known as “Dipole Might.” The project was carried out in conjunction with Army Corp of Engineers, the Defense Special Weapons Agency and Defense Threat Reduction Agency at a missile range outside White Sands, New Mexico. Among the various explosives tested was ANFO.47
As a result of the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Building, the Clinton Administration was able to push through Congress the Comprehensive Terrorism Prevention Act of 1995, expanding the powers of the executive branch and law enforcement. Since 9/11 there has been an avalanche of legislation expanding the police state capabilities of the federal government and eroding the civil liberties that once upon a time were guaranteed under the Constitution.
Part Two will explore the activities of a cast of characters operating out of Oklahoma connected to 9/11. Stay tuned…
1 “News Reports of Multiple Bombs in Oklahoma City Murrah Federal Building;” YouTube; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RF_2n7vJE0c.
2 “9/11 Firefighters: Bombs and Explosions in the WTC;” WhatReallyHappened.com; http://whatreallyhappened.com/WRHARTICLES/911_firefighters.html also “All Available NY Fire Dept Dispatch Tapes From 9/11;” The Memory Hole; http://www.thememoryhole.org/911/fdny_dispatches.htm.
3 “Biography of Brigadier General Benton K. Partin, US Air Force;” http://www.af.mil/information/bios/bio.asp?bioID=6688.
4 “Oklahoma City Bomb Report;” July 30, 1995; http://whatreallyhappened.com/RANCHO/POLITICS/OK/PARTIN/okm.htm.
5 Hoffman, David; The Oklahoma City Bombing and the Politics of Terror; 1998; Feral House; pp. 1-2.
6 “Oklahoma City Bombing: Startling Evidence Proves Government Cover-up,” Doug Cirignano, Jul. 26, 2002; http://old.disinfo.com/archive/pages/article/id2461/pg1/index.html.
7 Hoffman, David; p. 5.
8 ibid; p. 17.
9 “The Meaning of Timothy McVeigh;” Vanity Fair; September, 2001; Gore Vidal; http://www.vanityfair.com/politics/features/2001/09/mcveigh200109?currentPage=1.
10 “William Colby,” http://en.allexperts.com/e/w/wi/william_colby.htm.
11 “Who Murdered The CIA Chief? William E. Colby: A Highly Suspicious Death;” Zalin Grant; http://www.pythiapress.com/wartales/colby.htm.
12 “Profile: Global Guardian;” http://www.historycommons.org/entity.jsp?entity=global_guardian also Gaffney, Mark; “The 9/11 Mystery Plane and the Vanishing of America;” Trine Day LLC; 2008; pp. 67, 68.
13 “Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols: Oklahoma Bombing,” Ted Ottley, http://www.trutv.com/library/crime/serial_killers/notorious/mcveigh/snag_2.html.
14 “’Turner Diaries’ Introduced in McVeigh Trial, Writings mentioned casualties, killing;” April 28, 1997; http://www.cnn.com/US/9704/28/okc/.
15 “Serpent Walk and The Turner Diaries;” http://www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/Turner_Diaries.asp.
16 “Timothy McVeigh,” Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timothy_McVeigh.
17 “Fortier Gets 12 Years in Bombing Case;” Louis Romano; Thursday, May 28, 1998; Washington Post; p. A01; http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/national/longterm/oklahoma/stories/fortier052898.htm.
18 “Witness recalls renting truck to Murrah Building Bomber;” Nolan Clay; May 8, 2003; The Oklahoman.
19 “The Mystery of John Doe No. 2, McVeigh may die, but the FBI’s shoddy case means suspicions that he had at least one other accomplice will live on;” David Newert; Jun. 9, 2001; http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2001/06/09/john_doe.
20 Hoffman, David; p.257.
21 “Istook and the OKC Cover-up;” William F. Jaspar; Current News; Vol. 14, No. 4; Feb. 16, 1998; http://www.okcbombing.net/News%20Articles/Editorials/istook_coverup.htm.
22 Hoffman, David; p. 122.
23 “Were There More OKC Conspirators?: The Elohim City Connection;” http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/mcveigh/moreconspirators.html.
24 Davis, Jayna; The Third Terrorist, The Middle East Connection to the Oklahoma Bombing; 2004; WND Books; Nashville, TN; p. 297.
25 “Jose Padilla and John Doe No. 2;” J.M. Berger; January 2004; Intelwire; http://intelwire.egoplex.com/padillaOKC011104.html.
26 “The Mystery of John Doe No. 2;” David Neiwert; Jun. 9, 2001; http://www.salon.com/news/feature/2001/06/09/john_doe.
27 “Material missing from Okla. bombing tapes, lawyer says;” Associated Press; http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2009-09-27-okla-city-bombing-tapes_N.htm also “FBI denies editing Oklahoma bombing tapes;” Associated Press; Oct. 1, 2009; http://www.kval.com/news/national/63105022.html.
28 “Secret Service Document Describes Missing Scenes From FBI Release of Oklahoma City Bombing Videos;” J.M. Berger; Oct. 6, 2009; Intelwire.com; http://news.intelwire.com/2009/10/secret-service-document-describes_06.html.
29 “What Really Happened in the Oklahoma City Bombing? Many Victims’ Families Believe FBI Knew Bombing Was Being Planned;” Ambrose Evans-Pritchard; As printed in Human Events; Oct. 31, 1997; pp. 12, 13, 18; http://www.comeandtakeit.com/okc1.html.
30 Hoffman, David; p.330.
31 ibid. p. 335 also “OKC Bombing: Prior Knowledge;” William F. Jasper; The New American; http://web.archive.org/web/19970407010148/www.jbs.org/okc/priorart.htm.
32 “OKC: More Truth Leaks Out;” William F. Jasper; The New American; http://web.archive.org/web/19970407010124/http://www.jbs.org/okc/mretruth.htm.
33 Hoffman, David; p. 331.
34 “The SPLC Connection to the Oklahoma City Bombing in 1995;” http://www.borderguardians.org/splcOKcity.html.
35 McCurtain Daily Gazette; Sunday, Dec. 14, 2003; http://web.archive.org/web/20040102021841/http://mccurtain.com/deespart3.htm.
36 “Exclusive New Photos of Timothy McVeigh;” Monday, February 18, 2008; http://larryflynt.com/?tag=timothy-mcveigh.
37 “Terrified Ex-spy Cuts Deal, Carol Howe, who claims she tipped off the FBI about the Oklahoma bombing but was ignored, sells her life story for 500G;” Daniel Jeffreys; New York Post; Monday, Oct. 18, 1999; http://firstname.lastname@example.org/msg26633.html also “False Patriots, Profiles of 40 antigovernment leaders;” http://www.splcenter.org/get-informed/intelligence-report/browse-all-issues/2001/summer/false-patriots?page=0,5.
38 Hoffman, David; p. 139.
39 ibid. p. 139.
40 “The Spy Who Came in From the Cold;” J.D. Cash; McCurtain Daily Gazette; Feb. 11, 1997; http://www.constitution.org/okc/jdt03-16.htm.
42 “Undercover: The Howe Revelations;” William F. Jasper; Sep. 10, 1997; http://www.comeandtakeit.com/feds-okc.html.
44 “McVeigh execution delayed by FBI failings;” Mary Dejevsky and Andrew Gumbel; Saturday, May 12, 2001; The Independent; http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/americas/mcveigh-execution--delayed-by-fbi-failings-684412.html?cmp=ilc-n.
45 “NORAD had drills of jets as weapons;” Steven Komarow and Tom Squitieri; Apr. 18, 2004; USA Today; http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2004-04-18-norad_x.htm.
46 “Context of ‘April-July 1999: Desert Crossing’ War Game Predicts Instability, Potential Chaos if Saddam Hussein Ousted by US;” http://www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=a040799desertcrossing also “Pre-9-11 Exercise Forecasted First War of 21st Century;” Jim Garamone; American Forces Press Service; http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=43608.
47 “Dipole Might (DM);” http://www.globalsecurity.org/security/ops/dipole-might.htm.